Forests are globally important in regulating climate and locally important in sustaining communities and supporting biodiversity. But they, and the people who depend on them, are under increasing pressure.


Among the world’s greatest assets


for the climate

40 %

of the world’s oxygen is produced by rainforests

for biodiversity

80 %

of terrestrial biodiversity is in forests

for communities


billion people depend on forests

How we engage

IUCN works to build sustainable landscapes, protect primary forests and advance the rights of forest communities. Through its forest initiatives, IUCN helps countries implement effective forest and land-use policies, achieve national priorities and meet international commitments on climate change, biodiversity and land degradation.


  • Photo: IUCN / Pauline Buffle

    A closer look at a collective economic giant: Small forest and farm producers - INTERVIEW


    More than 1.5 billion small forest and farm producers throughout the world depend on forest landscapes to produce food, fuel, timber and non-wood forest products to meet their subsistence needs and generate cash income. Despite the large number of...

  • words on left -plant growing on tree on right Photo: IUCN / Craig Beatty

    Biodiversity’s role in landscape restoration: INTERVIEW


    Biodiversity is inherently connected to forest landscape restoration, but conceptualising this relationship has been elusive – until now. A new publication called, ‘Biodiversity guidelines for forest landscape restoration opportunities assessments’ is...

  • Photo: Courtesy Flickr

    Forests among top issues at UN High Level Political Forum on SDGs


    June 9-18, the United Nations will hold the High Level Political Forum (HLPF) on the Sustainable Development Goals. This article highlights how the role of restoration of deforested and degraded forest landscapes in the achievement of the SDGs, particularly...

Follow IUCN Forests


Go to top