Issues Briefs

IUCN Issues Briefs provide key information on selected issues central to IUCN’s work. They are aimed at policy-makers, journalists or anyone looking for an accessible overview of the often complex issues related to nature conservation and sustainable development.

Latest Issues Briefs

thumbnail_natural World Heritage_issues brief Photo: IUCN


November 2018

Abstract

One in five (23%) sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List are natural sites, most often protected areas such as national parks or nature reserves. Natural World Heritage sites are globally recognised...

Themes: Protected Areas, World Heritage

Thumbnail_Deep-sea mining Photo: IUCN


July 2018

Abstract

Deep-sea mining is the process of retrieving mineral deposits from the deep sea – the area of the ocean below 200 m which covers about 65% of the Earth’s surface.  There is growing interest...

Themes: Business, Marine

thumbnail_IAS and sustainable development_issues brief Photo: IUCN


July 2018

Abstract

Alien or non-native species are animals, plants or other organisms introduced by humans, either intentionally or accidentally, into areas outside their natural range. Some of these species become...

Themes: Global Policy, SDGs, SDGs, Species, Invasive species

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Thumbnail_Biodiversity offsets Thumbnail_Biodiversity offsets Photo: IUCN


September 2016

Abstract

Public and private sector investments in projects such as infrastructure development, mining and oil exploration are among the current drivers of economic growth. However, biodiversity is not well...

Themes: Business

Thumbnail_Issues_cc_oceans Photo: IUCN


November 2017

Abstract

The coastal ecosystems of mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrass meadows contain large stores of carbon deposited by vegetation and various natural processes over centuries. These ecosystems sequester...

Themes: Climate Change, Ecosystems, Marine

Issues brief: Coral reefs and climate change Photo: IUCN


November 2017

Abstract

Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions have caused an increase in global surface temperature of approximately 1°C since pre-industrial times. This has led to unprecedented mass coral bleaching events...

Themes: Climate Change, Marine, Coral Reefs, Species

Thumbnail_Deep-sea mining Photo: IUCN


July 2018

Abstract

Deep-sea mining is the process of retrieving mineral deposits from the deep sea – the area of the ocean below 200 m which covers about 65% of the Earth’s surface.  There is growing interest...

Themes: Business, Marine

Deforestation-Forest Degradation Issues Brief_thumbnail Photo: IUCN


November 2017

Abstract

Deforestation and forest degradation are the biggest threats to forests worldwide. Deforestation occurs when forests are converted to non-forest uses, such as agriculture and road construction....

Themes: Climate Change, Forests

Drylands and land degradation Drylands and land degradation Photo: IUCN


June 2017

Abstract

Drylands are places of water scarcity, where rainfall may be limited or may only be abundant for a short period. They experience high mean temperatures, leading to high rates of water loss to...

Themes: Ecosystems, Drylands

Thumbnail_EbA issues brief Photo: IUCN


November 2017

Abstract

Communities have been adapting to climate variability for centuries, but today their coping mechanisms are being outpaced by the fast-changing climate. Shifting weather patterns as a result of...

Themes: Climate Change, Ecosystems

Thumbnail_CC and Forests issues brief Photo: IUCN


November 2017

Abstract

Forests are a stabilising force for the climate. They regulate ecosystems, protect biodiversity, play an integral part in the carbon cycle, support livelihoods, and supply goods and services that can...

Themes: Climate Change, Forests

Thumbnail_CC and Gender issues brief Photo: IUCN


November 2015

Abstract

Across societies the impacts of climate change affect women and men differently. Women are often responsible for gathering and producing food, collecting water and sourcing fuel for heating and...

Themes: Climate Change, Gender

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